Ich habe sie kombiniert, um daraus einen schnellen und innovativen Snack zu machen, den die Leute während einer Diwali-Party zu sich nehmen können. [124] At dusk, family members gather for the Lakshmi Pujan,[124] although prayers will also be offered to other deities, such as Ganesha, Saraswati, Rama, Lakshmana, Sita, Hanuman, or Kubera. The darkest night is the apex of the celebration and coincides with the second half of October or early November in the Gregorian calendar. [113] The term "Dhan" for this day also alludes to the Ayurvedic icon Dhanvantari, the god of health and healing, who is believed to have emerged from the "churning of cosmic ocean" on the same day as Lakshmi. The vibrations produced by the greetings of love, which fill the atmosphere, are powerful. The Vishwakarma puja day is alternatively observed in other Hindu communities in accordance with the Hindu solar calendar, and this falls in September. In his 11th century memoir on India, the Persian traveller and historian Al Biruni wrote of Deepavali being celebrated by Hindus on the day of the New Moon in the month of Kartika. The Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue was founded as Secretariat for non-Christians by Pope Paul VI. [104] According to some observers, this traditional celebration by Newar Buddhists in Nepal, through the worship of Lakshmi and Vishnu during Diwali, is not syncretism but rather a reflection of the freedom within Mahayana Buddhist tradition to worship any deity for their worldly betterment. [11][12][77][78], The religious significance of Diwali varies regionally within India. Choti Diwali is the major shopping day for festive, Annakut community meals (left), Krishna holding. Dipavali ( दीवाली, dīvālī; दीपावली dīpāvalī) genannt, bedeutet „Lichterkette” und ist das populärste indische Fest. Rise and shine. Diwali is een van de belangrijkste feesten in het hindoeïsme. [116] The term "chhoti" means little, while "Naraka" means hell and "Chaturdashi" means "fourteenth". [162] In 2020, the INDF ETF was launched to mark the start of Diwali. [121] Family members light up firecrackers, which some interpret as a way to ward off all evil spirits and the inauspicious, as well as add to the festive mood. The inscription states that Ramachandracharya built and dedicated a drama performance hall, with a golden cupola, on Diwali. The authors concluded that the contribution of the festival fireworks could lead to a 1.3% increase in the non-carcinogenic hazard index. [29], Diwali is a five-day festival, the height of which is celebrated on the third day coinciding with the darkest night of the lunar month. Diese Snacks enthalten Safran und Trockenfrüchte, die dem Festival eigen sind. [180][181] As crop productivity per hectare has increased with mechanised harvesting, this has led to the practice becoming more widespread in the northern and northwestern regions of India in the months when Diwali is observed. [66] In his paper on The Lunar Year of the Hindus, Jones, then based in Bengal, noted four of the five days of Diwali in the autumn months of Aswina-Cartica [sic] as the following: Bhutachaturdasi Yamaterpanam (2nd day), Lacshmipuja dipanwita (the day of Diwali), Dyuta pratipat Belipuja (4th day), and Bhratri dwitiya (5th day). Guru Amar Das, the third Guru of the Sikhs, built a well in Goindwal with eighty-four steps and invited Sikhs to bathe in its sacred waters on Baisakhi and Diwali as a form of community bonding. [183] Other studies have stated that the fireworks of Diwali produce particulates and pollutants with a decay-life time of about one day. [129], On the night of Diwali, rituals across much of India are dedicated to Lakshmi to welcome her into their cleaned homes and bring prosperity and happiness for the coming year. The third day is the day of Lakshmi Puja and the darkest night of the traditional month. [11][12][13][14] The festival is widely associated with Lakshmi, goddess of prosperity, with many other regional traditions connecting the holiday to Sita and Rama, Vishnu, Krishna, Yama, Yami, Durga, Kali, Hanuman, Ganesha, Kubera, Dhanvantari, or Vishvakarman. Diwali Aussprache. One tradition links the festival to legends in the Hindu epic Ramayana, where Diwali is the day Rama, Sita, Lakshman and Hanuman reached Ayodhya after a period of 14 years in exile after Rama's army of good defeated demon king Ravana's army of evil. [91] According to Goldstein, these are then shaped into various forms, such as laddus, barfis, halwa, kachoris, shrikhand, and sandesh, rolled and stuffed delicacies, such as karanji, shankarpali, maladu, susiyam, pottukadalai. Diwali is a Hindu festival held in honour of Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth. Diwali or Deepaavali is the festival of lights. It is a time when people mingle about in joy and embrace one another. [114] Some Hindus observe Yama Deepa on the second night before the main day of Diwali. The Jains observe their own Diwali which marks the final liberation of Mahavira,[25][26] the Sikhs celebrate Bandi Chhor Divas to mark the release of Guru Hargobind from a Mughal Empire prison,[27] while Newar Buddhists, unlike other Buddhists, celebrate Diwali by worshipping Lakshmi, while the Hindus of Eastern India and Bangladesh generally celebrate Diwali, by worshipping goddess Kali. A few, notably the Mughal emperor Akbar, welcomed and participated in the festivities,[60][61] whereas others banned such festivals as Diwali and Holi, as Aurangzeb did in 1665. Hindus believe that the light of lights is the one that steadily shines in the chamber of the heart. What remains constant is the celebration of life, its enjoyment, and a sense of goodness. So wird ähnlich wie zu Allerseelen zum Lichterfest die schwarze Göttin Kali verehrt, die für den Tod und dessen Überwindung steht. Dazu hört man Hintergrund das Klirren der bekannten Armreifen, die indische Frauen gerne tragen und das Summen zu den Melodien bekannter Bollywood-Klassiker. Over time, these spring and autumn festivals became the most important of Sikh festivals and holy sites such as Amritsar became focal points for annual pilgrimages. [21] The second day is Naraka Chaturdashi. [8][9][10] One of the most popular festivals of Hinduism, Diwali symbolizes the spiritual "victory of light over darkness, good over evil, and knowledge over ignorance". There's an indian king Ram of Ayodhya. "Deepawali" and "Dipawali" redirect here. Außerdem gibt es eine ganze Woche frei. Ich entschied mich für Kebabs mit einem Hauch von Frischkäse und Warqi Paratha, was ein Klassiker ist. [55][56] Rajasekhara referred to Deepavali as Dipamalika in his 9th century Kavyamimamsa, wherein he mentions the tradition of homes being whitewashed and oil lamps decorated homes, streets and markets in the night. Diwali, Divali, Deepavali is the Hindu festival of lights, usually lasting five days and celebrated during the Hindu Lunisolar month Kartika (between mid-October and mid-November). Historical records appear inconsistent about the name of the lunar month in which Diwali is observed. 10,000 on this Diwali: ASSOCHAM survey, "Festival of Lights: All You Need to Know About Diwali", "NextFins Celebrates Diwali With the Launch of INDF", "Prince Charles, Camilla celebrate Diwali in UK", "Their Royal Highnesses The Prince of Wales and The Duchess of Cornwall Celebrate Diwali at BAPS Shri Swaminarayan Mandir, London", "Brown celebrates Diwali at 10, Downing Street, in a 'historic' first", "Pakistan parliament adopts resolution for Holi, Diwali, Easter holidays", "Muslim-majority Pakistan set to declare Holi, Diwali and Easter as public holidays", "Muslims join Hindus in Diwali celebrations in Pakistan's Peshawar", Location wise daily Ambient Air Quality of Delhi for the year 2015, Want govt to build 1600 km green wall along Aravalli, "India's courts take the fun out of a Hindu holiday", "Agricultural Burning and Air Quality over Northern India: A Synergistic Analysis using NASA's A-train Satellite Data and Ground Measurements", "Burns in the developing world and burn disasters", The Ancient Origins of Diwali, India’s Biggest Holiday, For More About deepavali from Karnataka Tourism Department, Yang di-Pertua Negeri Sembilan's Birthday, Anniversary of Installation of the Sultan of Terengganu, Declaration of Malacca City as Historical City, Declaration of George Town as World Heritage Site, Annunciation of the Virgin Mary / Annunciation of the Theotokos, Days of Remembrance of the Victims of the Holocaust, Emancipation Day in the U.S. Virgin Islands, Fast in Honor of the Holy Mother of Lord Jesus, Feast of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Nativity of Mary / Nativity of the Theotokos, Italian-American Heritage and Culture Month, Virgin Islands–Puerto Rico Friendship Day, Presentation of the Theotokos to the Temple, Urus Mubarak of Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Diwali&oldid=998963703, Articles containing Assamese-language text, Articles containing Bengali-language text, Articles containing Gujarati-language text, Articles containing Kannada-language text, Articles containing Konkani (individual language)-language text, Articles containing Maithili-language text, Articles containing Malayalam-language text, Articles containing Marathi-language text, Articles containing Punjabi-language text, Articles containing Nepali (macrolanguage)-language text, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles which use infobox templates with no data rows, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from December 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 21:12. Each of the four days in the festival of Diwali is marked with a different tradition. Give and forgive. It is common practice that people forget and forgive the wrongs done by others during Diwali. One particular firework called anar (fountain) has been found to be responsible for 65% of such injuries, with adults being the typical victims. It falls on the 15th day of the Hindu month of Kartik, so it varies every year. Außerdem werden an Diwali jede Menge Feuerwerke entzündet g… [106] A symbolic piece of traditional fertiliser, a dried piece of cow dung, is included in the ensemble in Odisha and Deccan region villages, an agricultural motif according to Kinsley. Grewal, a scholar of Sikhism and Sikh history, Diwali in the Sikh tradition is older than the sixth Guru Hargobind legend. [84][85], Trade and merchant families and others also offer prayers to Saraswati, who embodies music, literature and learning and Kubera, who symbolises book-keeping, treasury and wealth management. [111] Some Hindus, Jains and Sikhs will send Diwali greeting cards to family near and far during the festive season, occasionally with boxes of Indian confectionery. Diwali Puja. For other uses, see, Indoor Diwali decorations in front of an altar, Line of lamps at Bedara Kannappa temple, Mysore. For some Hindus, it is a day to pray for the peace to the manes, or defiled souls of one's ancestors and light their way for their journeys in the cyclic afterlife. [55], Diwali was also described by numerous travellers from outside India. On this day, they feed the poor on an incredible scale. [172][note 17], The 51% of which[clarification needed] is caused by the industrial pollution, 27% by vehicles, 8% by crop burning and 5% by diwali fireworks. In Indien findet das Fest nach der Monsunperiode statt, meist ist es dort dann angenehm mild. [158][note 15] ASSOCHAM, a trade organisation in India, forecasted that online shopping alone to be over ₹300 billion (US$4.2 billion) over the 2017 Diwali season. This festival instills charity in the hearts of people, who perform good deeds. Gegen das Brennen im Mund werden süße oder salzige Getränke aus Joghurt, lhassis, gereicht. [109][110] Many towns organise community parades and fairs with parades or music and dance performances in parks. [157] Other goods that are bought in substantial quantities during Diwali include confectionery and fireworks. [139], In some rural communities of the north, west and central regions, the fourth day is celebrated as Govardhan puja, honouring the legend of the Hindu god Krishna saving the cowherd and farming communities from incessant rains and floods triggered by Indra's anger,[139] which he accomplished by lifting the Govardhan mountain. Die Desserts aus Diwali sind so reichhaltig und lecker, dass es einfach unmöglich ist, sie gehen zu lassen, während jeder in Ihrer Familie Bissen isst. Unite and unify. More and more Australians are embracing Diwali -- the Hindi festival of light. It is an opportunity to cultivate and enjoy eternal bliss. Aavali means line, row, range etc. The Diwali festival occurs in late October or early November. Each day of Diwali has its own tale to tell. Deshalb konnten wir auch in eine Gastfamilie, obwohl es kein Wochenende war. They install diyas, small earthen oil-filled lamps that they light up for the next five days, near Lakshmi and Ganesha iconography. [166][167] Since 2009, Diwali has been celebrated every year at 10 Downing Street, the residence of the British Prime Minister. Aber Sita war ja wieder da und so wurden wir Schwestern gerufen, um sie für die Krönung ihres Mannes zu schmücken. [40], The puja and rituals in the Bengali Hindu community focus on Kali, the goddess of war, instead of Lakshmi. [171], Every year during Diwali, Indian forces approach their Pakistani counterparts at the border bearing gifts of traditional Indian confectionery, a gesture that is returned in kind by the Pakistani soldiers who give Pakistani sweets to the Indian soldiers. Traditionally, Marathi Hindus and South Indian Hindus receive an oil massage from the elders in the family on the day and then take a ritual bath, all before sunrise. Foto: sporadic. The festival climax is on the third day and is called the main Diwali. The Significance of Lights and Firecrackers. Gebäude werden traditio… The day also marks a major shopping day to purchase new utensils, home equipment, jewellery, firecrackers, and other items. In den verschiedenen Teilen des indischen Subkontinents wird das Fest sehr unterschiedlich gefeiert, mit vielfältigen Bräuchen und unterschiedlichen mythologischen Bezügen. Diwali was not a public holiday in Pakistan from 1947 to 2016. In een speciale uitzending worden hindoes met elk hun eigen beleving van Diwali geportretteerd. [106][140][141], The agricultural symbolism is also observed on this day by many Hindus as Annakut, literally "mountain of food". [113][105] Women and children decorate doorways within homes and offices with rangolis, colourful designs made from rice flour, flower petals, colored rice or colored sand,[111] while the boys and men decorate the roofs and walls of family homes, markets, and temples and string up lights and lanterns. Nach meinen Eindrücken ist Diwali wie eine exotische Mischung aus Weihnachten und Silvester: Man feiert und beschenkt sich in der ganzen Familie, sitzt zusammen, isst und singt. Some people refer to Diwali as a five-day festival because they include the festival of Dhanteras (dhan meaning "wealth" and teras meaning "13th"). [13][126][127] After the puja, people go outside and celebrate by lighting up patakhe (fireworks) together, and then share a family feast and mithai (sweets, desserts). An Diwali isst man Süssigkeiten wie Nan Khatai und Kokosnuss Laddoos. Diwali is a unifying event, and it can soften even the hardest of hearts. Homes are illuminated with lights, and firecrackers fill the skies as an expression of respect to the heavens for the attainment of health, wealth, knowledge, peace, and prosperity. [66][note 6], Sanskrit inscriptions in stone and copper mentioning Diwali, occasionally alongside terms such as Dipotsava, Dipavali, Divali and Divalige, have been discovered at numerous sites across India. Und abends geht’s erst richtig ab: Nachdem der typische Zündeler seine Böller alle schon am Vormittag verschossen hat, startet die Mehrheit jetzt ihr Feuerwerk! Thus, people worship Hanuman the day before Diwali's main day. It began sending official greetings and message to Muslims in 1967 on. The Badami Cave Temples with sculture depicting Vishnu resting on Shesha (snake). [106] Another aspect of the festival is remembering the ancestors. Sie hängen überall Lichterketten an ihren Häusern auf, essen viele Süßigkeiten und wünschen uns alle drei Meter auf der Straße "Happy Diwali!". Traditionell werden zu diesem Anlass Freunde und Verwandte besucht und es werden Süßigkeiten und Nüsse, Mandeln oder Trockenobst als Gastgeschenkt mitgebracht. In some parts of India, the day after Lakshmi Puja is marked with the Govardhan Puja and Balipratipada (Padwa). [40] In western states such as Gujarat, and certain northern Hindu communities of India, the festival of Diwali signifies the start of a new year. [119][123] Shops either do not open or close early on this day allowing employees to enjoy family time. According to one belief, the sound of firecrackers indicates the joy of the people living on earth, making the gods aware of their plentiful state. Dates for 2020 to 2025, The Prayer Hymn (Aarti) for the Hindu Diwali Celebration, Lakshmi: The Hindu Goddess of Wealth and Beauty, Full and New Moon Hindu Rituals and Dates, M.A., English Literature, University of North Bengal. The word Deepawali comes from the word the Sanskrit word deep, which means an Indian lantern/lamp. Je nach Region dauert es zwischen einem und fünf Tagen. [79], Hindus of eastern India associate the festival with the goddess Kali, who symbolises the victory of good over evil. I'm dressed up for Diwali, man. Diwali festivities include a celebration of sights, sounds, arts and flavours. Subhamoy Das is the co-author of "Applied Hinduism: Ancient Wisdom for Today's World." Diwali also commemorates the return of Lord Rama (along with Ma Sita and Lakshman) from his 14-year-long exile and vanquishing the demon-king Ravana. [91] Chhoti Diwali is also a day for visiting friends, business associates and relatives, and exchanging gifts. [136] According to Handelman and Shulman, as quoted by Pintchman, this legend is a Hindu metaphor for the cosmic process for creation and dissolution of the world through the masculine destructive power, as represented by Shiva, and the feminine procreative power, represented by Parvati, where twelve reflects the number of months in the cyclic year, while thirty are the number of days in its lunisolar month. [111], Diwali is a post-harvest festival celebrating the bounty following the arrival of the monsoon in the subcontinent. [143] In historic times, this was a day in autumn when brothers would travel to meet their sisters, or invite their sister's family to their village to celebrate their sister-brother bond with the bounty of seasonal harvests. Wenn du an Diwali nach Indien reist, wirst du feststellen, dass jede Region ihre eigene Art hat dieses Fest zu feiern. [23] [note 13] The looms, tools of trade, machines and workplaces are cleaned and prayers offered to these livelihood means. The fourth day is referred to as Yama Dvitiya (also called Bhai Dooj), and on this day sisters invite their brothers to their homes. Many participate in other socio-political events as a symbol of support for diversity and inclusiveness. Critics stated that the ruling was judicial over-reach and a bias against Hindu culture, while supporters stated that it would be beneficial to public health. [100][101][note 10], Diwali is not a festival for most Buddhists, with the exception of the Newar people of Nepal who revere various deities in the Vajrayana Buddhism and celebrate Diwali by offering prayers to Lakshmi. [106] Merchants seek Lakshmi's blessings in their ventures and will ritually close their accounting year during Diwali. The famous Golden Temple at Amritsar is lit in the evening with thousands of lamps.Â. Diwali (English: /dɪˈwɑːliː/; Deepavali (IAST: dīpāvali) or Divali) is a festival of lights and one of the major festivals celebrated by Hindus, Jains and Sikhs. In al deze jaren heb ik nog nooit zo'n gezegende Diwali gezien. The day before Diwali is remembered as Naraka Chaturdasi, the day on which Narakasura was killed by Krishna. Und auch an mich erinnerte man sich. A variety of entertainments are usually available for inhabitants of the local community to enjoy. [155][156] According to Rao, Diwali is one of the major festivals where rural Indians spend a significant portion of their annual income, and is a means for them to renew their relationships and social networks. Homes are cleaned and decorated by day and illuminated by night with earthen oil lamps. Diwali is marked by four days of celebration, which literally illuminates the country with its brilliance and dazzles people with its joy. One day, the demon Ravana disguised himself as a beggar, so he could steal Sita. It coincides with the day of Kali Chaudas. [62][63][note 4][note 5], Publications from the British colonial era also made mention of Diwali, such as the note on Hindu festivals published in 1799 by Sir William Jones, a philologist known for his early observations on Sanskrit and Indo-European languages. Diwali is usually celebrated twenty days after the Dashera (Dasara, Dasain) festival, with Dhanteras, or the regional equivalent, marking the first day of the festival when celebrants prepare by cleaning their homes and making decorations on the floor, such as rangolis. It was in early 20th-century, states Harjot Oberoi – a scholar of Sikh history, when the Khalsa Tract Society triggered by the. [112], Rituals and preparations for Diwali begin days or weeks in advance, typically after the festival of Dusshera that precedes Diwali by about 20 days. Ich bin zu Surbhie, einer Freundin aus meiner Klasse gekommen. In all these years, I've never seen such a blissful Diwali. [115], Naraka Chaturdashi also known as Chhoti Diwali, is the second day of festivities coinciding with the fourteenth day of the second fortnight of the lunar month. Illustrative Islamic records, states Stephen Blake, include those of 16th-century Sheikh Ahmad Sirhindi who wrote, "during Diwali.... the ignorant ones amongst Muslims, particularly women, perform the ceremonies... they celebrate it like their own Id and send presents to their daughters and sisters,.... they attach much importance and weight to this season [of Diwali]. Generell darf sich die Frau erst selbst etwas zu essen nehmen, wenn der Mann, die Kinder und die Gaeste schon etwas zu essen haben. [136] It is regionally called Annakut (heap of grain), Padwa, Goverdhan puja, Bali Pratipada, Bali Padyami, Kartik Shukla Pratipada and other names.